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The latest international news, analysis and features on the HIV epidemic from Avert. Share your views and expertise with your peers in the comments box below the articles.

28 February 2020

Same-day viral load testing linked to significant improvements in HIV treatment

South African trial finds 90% of people receiving rapid viral load testing were virally suppressed and in care after 12 months, compared to 76% who waited for tests.

26 February 2020

HIV self-testing in hospitals could significantly increase uptake in Malawi

Malawi trial finds half of those offered the opportunity to self-test for HIV during an outpatient visit accepted it, compared to less than 15% of those offered provider-initiated testing.

21 February 2020

High death rate for HIV-associated meningitis reported in African hospitals

Evidence review finds approximately half of hospital patients with cryptococcal, tuberculosis or pneumococcal meningitis died within two weeks or during hospitalisation.

19 February 2020

Online HIV self-testing in Thailand struggles to link trans women and gay men to treatment

Study among transgender women and men who have sex with men finds those who opt for online supervised HIV-self testing are more likely to test positive but less likely to seek treatment than those testing offline.

14 February 2020

Antenatal clinics in Kenya can effectively provide PrEP to at-risk women

The first ‘real world’ programme to provide PrEP through maternal and child health clinics in a high prevalence setting finds one in five women offered PrEP will take it up.

11 February 2020

Only half of those on HIV treatment are virally suppressed in Ghana

Viral load testing trial finds 49% are virally unsuppressed while one in five are failing their treatment with suspected drug resistance.

07 February 2020

PrEP during pregnancy: safety evidence ‘reassuring’ but gaps remain

Research on PrEP safety for pregnant women and their babies finds no adverse effects – but knowledge gaps remain.  

29 January 2020

Targeted testing in Botswana increases HIV diagnoses by 77% among young people and 37% among men

Mobile testing and door-to-door approaches result in a 25% increase in status awareness, with particularly significant gains in diagnosing HIV-positive young people and men.

28 January 2020

Taking PrEP alongside oestrogen ‘may limit’ its effectiveness, study warns

Study with transgender women suggests taking on-demand PrEP with hormone therapy may result in drug levels too low for HIV prevention. 

23 January 2020

Less isolated, less fearful: peer-led programme for HIV-positive adolescents has significant impact

An evaluation of Zvandiri, a teen-led programme for HIV-positive adolescents in Zimbabwe, finds it significantly improves treatment outcomes and boosts self-esteem.