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The latest international news, analysis and features on the HIV epidemic from Avert. Share your views and expertise with your peers in the comments box below the articles.

11 March 2020

Younger mothers struggle with HIV treatment adherence following birth of baby

Two-thirds of South African mothers living with HIV are on effective treatment following the birth of their child, but only one-third of younger mothers are.

05 March 2020

Botswana: HIV incidence ‘likely to increase’ in next 10 years

Despite the country’s successful treatment programme, modelling suggests the rate of new infections is likely to rise – unless prevention is strengthened and groups such as migrants included.

28 February 2020

Same-day viral load testing linked to significant improvements in HIV treatment

South African trial finds 90% of people receiving rapid viral load testing were virally suppressed and in care after 12 months, compared to 76% who waited for tests.

26 February 2020

HIV self-testing in hospitals could significantly increase uptake in Malawi

Malawi trial finds half of those offered the opportunity to self-test for HIV during an outpatient visit accepted it, compared to less than 15% of those offered provider-initiated testing.

21 February 2020

High death rate for HIV-associated meningitis reported in African hospitals

Evidence review finds approximately half of hospital patients with cryptococcal, tuberculosis or pneumococcal meningitis died within two weeks or during hospitalisation.

29 January 2020

Targeted testing in Botswana increases HIV diagnoses by 77% among young people and 37% among men

Mobile testing and door-to-door approaches result in a 25% increase in status awareness, with particularly significant gains in diagnosing HIV-positive young people and men.

23 January 2020

Less isolated, less fearful: peer-led programme for HIV-positive adolescents has significant impact

An evaluation of Zvandiri, a teen-led programme for HIV-positive adolescents in Zimbabwe, finds it significantly improves treatment outcomes and boosts self-esteem.

19 December 2019

High proportion of West African men who have sex with men engaging in transactional sex

46% of men who have sex with men in West Africa trade sex for material goods – with younger men and those who experience stigma more likely to do so.

16 December 2019

Social enterprise sexual health scheme doubles contraceptive use

A network of micro-pharmacists trained to provide sexual reproductive health services in Uganda doubled contraceptive use - but has little impact on HIV knowledge.

10 December 2019

Urbanisation of rural Uganda is driving HIV in the country

Study identifies new structural drivers of Uganda’s HIV epidemic alongside the persistence of known drivers such as stigma and gender-based violence.