The vast majority of people living with HIV are located in low- and middle- income countries, with an estimated 68% living in sub-Saharan Africa. Among this group 20.6 million are living in East and Southern Africa which saw 800,000 new HIV infections in 2018.
Overall Asia and the Pacific is making progress in reducing new HIV infections, with a 9% decline between 2010 and 2018. However, this is not universal across the region: some countries have seen a much steeper decrease, while infections have increased significantly in others.
Myanmar’s prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme has been successful in increasing the number of pregnant women living with HIV who are on treatment. However, there is still a need to better integrate early infant diagnosis into post-birth care.
East and Southern Africa is the region hardest hit by HIV. It is home to around 6.2% of the world’s population but over half (54%) of the total number of people living with HIV in the world (20.6 million people).