Women are disproportionately affected by HIV in Tanzania. Gender inequality is widespread in the country, and increases many women’s vulnerability to HIV. Women also tend to become infected earlier because they have older partners and get married earlier.
In recent years, the number of people testing for HIV has rapidly increased in Eswatini. However high levels of HIV-related stigma mean many people, particularly men and young people, are reluctant to know their status.
South Africa’s antiretroviral treatment services have undergone dramatic expansion since the country implemented ‘test and treat’ in 2016. As a result, South Africa now has the largest antiretroviral treatment programme in the world.
East and Southern Africa is the region hardest hit by HIV. It is home to around 6.2% of the world’s population but over half (54%) of the total number of people living with HIV in the world (20.6 million people).