Despite overwhelming evidence of the effectiveness of harm reduction for preventing the spread of HIV and reducing other harms associated with drug use, global harm reduction service coverage remains insufficient.
HIV can be transmitted from an HIV-positive woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), which is also known as ‘vertical transmission’, accounts for the vast majority of infections in children (0-14 years). UNAIDS' Start Free Stay Free AIDS Free programme prioritises action in 23 countries that account for over 85% of new HIV infections among children aged 0–14 years.
There are particular challenges in maintaining women living with HIV in care and on effective ART throughout the breastfeeding period, as well as reducing, detecting and managing new infections occurring among women while they are pregnant or breastfeeding. As a result, in some countries more infant infections are now occurring during the postnatal period rather than pregnancy or labour.
Introducing the first in a series that tells you everything you need to know about HIV. ‘What is HIV?’ gets straight to the point, explaining how it works and what happens if it’s not controlled by antiretroviral treatment.
‘A lot of gay men are still struggling when they receive stigma from their own community - much of it is rooted in sex.’ We speak to Alex Garner from Hornet, about gay men’s attitudes to condoms, and some of the stigma that surrounds condomless sex.
Spijo has had a crazy night and ended up doing things he didn't mean to, making his headache a whole lot worse! Find out more about what he got up to in the animation above. What would you do now in his situation?
Seven countries and island states in the Caribbean have eliminated mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Cuba, Montserrat, and Saint Kitts and Nevis.