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HIV transmission & prevention

You can only get HIV if the bodily fluids of someone who already has HIV get into your body. A person with HIV can pass the virus to others whether they have symptoms or not.

There are a lot of myths around how HIV is passed from one person to another (HIV transmission) but there are only a few ways you can get it. There are also a number of things you can do to reduce your chances of infection.

Find out here about the ways HIV can be passed on and how to protect yourself from the virus.


There are only a few ways you can get HIV. Find out how to protect yourself.
Unprotected sex (not using a condom) puts you at risk of HIV and STIs.
Sharing needles and syringes puts you at risk of HIV and other infections.
Mothers living with HIV can take treatment to protect their baby from HIV.
Learn how to be safe from HIV when working with sharp equipment and needles.
Blood transfusions or organ donations must be tested for HIV so they are safe.
A lot of people still believe you can get HIV from things like toilet seats and insects.
Whatever your worries and anxieties about HIV and AIDS, we’re here to help.
PrEP is taken before potential exposure to HIV to prevent an infection.

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Last updated:
25 November 2015
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