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HIV and AIDS social issues

In many regions, social issues increase the risk of HIV infection making it difficult to tackle the global HIV epidemic effectively.

Certain groups of people are more affected by HIV than others. Sometimes this is because they engage in high-risk behaviours, while others experience stigma and discrimination that stops them from approaching HIV services.

It is important that these issues are well understood so that specially tailored prevention programmes can be rolled out and target to those groups most at risk of HIV.

HIV disproportionately affects people belonging to certain populations, such as men who have sex with men and sex workers.
Stigma and discrimination persist everywhere, and continue to prevent HIV services from reaching the people who need them most.
Homosexuality is illegal in 78 countries. As a result, many MSM face high levels of homophobia and can't access HIV services.
Tackling gender inequality is key to reducing women’s vulnerability to HIV and achieving wider development goals.
The promotion and protection of human rights is essential in order to ensure an effective response to HIV and AIDS.

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Last updated:
10 August 2016
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