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The latest international news, analysis and features on the HIV epidemic from Avert. Share your views and expertise with your peers in the comments box below the articles.

31 March 2017

Asia performs better than Africa in keeping people adhering to HIV treatment

Weaker health systems and psychosocial factors may explain the differences in adherence patterns between Asia and Africa, the world’s two most HIV-affected regions.

13 May 2016

HIV criminalisation rising globally

HIV criminalisation is a growing global issue that is threatening effective HIV prevention, treatment and support, according to a new report from the HIV Justice Network and the Global Network of People Living with HIV (GNP+). 

08 July 2015

Early treatment crucial for over 45's

A study in the United States has found that people living with HIV aged 45 to 65, who start treatment with low CD4 counts – a measure of how healthy the immune system is – have higher mortality rates than their younger counterparts. Improved health outcomes were experienced among this group when treatment was started earlier, at the World Health Organisation recommended CD4 count of 500 cells/mm3.

11 March 2015

Fat gain associated with viral load, not treatment

HIV infection, or inflammatory changes associated with HIV infection, are responsible for fat gain in people living with HIV (PLHIV) and on treatment, and not the antiretroviral treatment (ART) itself. This is according to new research presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) last week.

09 March 2015

Smoking largest contributing factor to non-AIDS related cancers

Smoking is the biggest contributing factor to the total burden of non-AIDS related cancers for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the United States, when compared to all other risk factors. Studies show that PLHIV who smoke, or used to smoke, have a 37 percent increased risk of non-AIDS related cancers in comparison to a control group, and a 29 percent increased risk when lung cancer is not taken into the equation. Halting the progression of HIV to AIDS could prevent another up to eight percent of non-AIDS cancer.

13 February 2015

HIV infection not a barrier for kidney transplants between people living with HIV

New research from South Africa shows that HIV infection is not a barrier for kidney transplants between people living with HIV (PLHIV), making kidney transplantation from an HIV-positive donor an additional treatment option for PLHIV requiring renal-replacement therapy. An estimated eight to twenty-two percent of the people on HIV treatment in South Africa experience kidney failure, for people not on treatment this percentages is as high as 20 to 27 percent.

04 February 2015

New guidelines for osteoporosis treatment for people living with HIV

Screening for bone fracture risk should be a routine part of HIV care, as recommended by new guidelines published in the journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases. Evidence shows that low bone mineral density (osteoporosis) and fragility fractures occur more frequently in people living with HIV.

20 January 2015

People living with HIV do not face increased risks for heart attack

The risk of a heart attack for people living with HIV has declined to the same risk as people living without HIV. A new study published in the Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases shows that the increased risk of heart attack for people living with HIV is largely reversible when a continued emphasis on primary prevention is given, in combination with early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) to prevent immune infection.

05 January 2015

People living with HIV likely to have problems hearing

A new study has found that adults living with HIV have poorer hearing than adults not infected with this virus. HIV affects the auditory portion of the inner ear, meaning low and high frequencies may not be heard. As a result, adults living with HIV may experience difficulties hearing and understanding speech, due to the low frequency sounds of vowels and consonants – and particularly in the English language.

22 October 2014

Too many PLHIV lack basic HIV treatment knowledge

In countries hit hardest by the HIV epidemic, people are poorly informed about their HIV treatment concludes The International Treatment Preparedness Coalition (ITPC) in their recently published report; “Global Policy, Local Disconnection. A look into the implementation of the 2013 HIV treatment guidelines”.