The latest international news, analysis and features on the HIV epidemic from AVERT. Share your views and expertise with your peers in the comments box below the articles.
Informing patients that they will receive an HIV test and giving them the option to decline it, yields a significantly higher HIV testing rate than simply informing them that testing is available.
46% of people living with HIV do not know they have it. Stigma surrounding HIV remains one of the biggest reasons people are not testing.
Good news for HIV treatment monitoring from The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (The Global Fund), the largest funder of the international HIV response. The Global Fund is taking action to make viral load testing more accessible. These crucial tests check that people are taking the correct HIV treatment, and are prohibitively expensive in many countries. The Global Fund has teamed up with seven manufacturers of the test to bring down the cost.
Britain’s first legally approved HIV self-test kits are on sale as of today in England, Scotland and Wales. The HIV self-kit allows people to do an HIV test in the safe environment of their home without the need to fill out paperwork or the intervention of a clinic.
The UK lifted its legal ban on HIV home testing in April 2014, but manufacturers were not able to market a test with a CE mark - indicating that the test conforms to minimum European standards for accuracy and ease of use - until today.
Researchers from Colombia University have developed a device that can be plugged in to a smartphone, and has the ability to test for both HIV and syphilis. The dongle can conduct point-of-care testing from a finger prick of blood, using cheap and disposable cartridges, delivering a result in just 15 minutes, and at a fraction of the cost of a typical HIV test.
Extensive efforts to test all adults for HIV in a rural area of Kenya has resulted in the discovery of 1,300 people newly infected which HIV. However, only a few of these newly diagnosed took up treatment after diagnosis, as concluded in a new study in the Lancet HIV.
New research from Lesotho provides more insight into what types of community-based HIV testing and counselling (HTC) are most effective in reaching people with HIV services in resource-limited settings. The cluster randomised control trial, published in PLOS One, looked at whether home-based HTC (HB-HTC) resulted in a higher uptake of HTC than delivery through community gathering and mobile clinics (MC-HTC).
Face-to-face interaction and networking has been found to be a more effective method of engaging people in HIV testing rather than standard health referral systems a new study has found.
Self-testing for HIV can be an effective way of increasing uptake of HIV testing and reaching high risk sub-groups of men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. An online survey conducted in China, found that 20.3 percent of MSM in the country had self-tested for HIV at least once in their lives.
HIV self-testing kits can now be bought over-the-counter in the UK. In April 2014, the UK government made it legal for people to test and diagnose themselves for HIV at home. At this time it was expected that the availability of home HIV tests would take another 8 till 10 months, but the first HIV self-test is now available this week. Brought to the UK market by Home HIV Test, it is now easier and more convenient for people who are afraid of being diagnosed by a GP or at a local clinic.