The latest international news, analysis and features on the HIV epidemic from Avert. Share your views and expertise with your peers in the comments box below the articles.
New HIV infections among the general population in the United States have declined by 5.6 percent from 2008 to 2011, according to a new report by the US Centres for Disease Control (CDC). The report also finds that key affected populations have been left behind – with men who have sex with men (MSM), young people, adolescents and adults under 30 experiencing an increase in new HIV infections over the same period.
A randomised PrEP trial has closed early due to highly effective results. IPERGAY is the second European PrEP study to be closed early due to high effectiveness. It follows the closure of another randomised study, PROUD, that also was cut short due to highly significant results. This is promising news for changing the future of HIV prevention and treatment, especially for men who have sex with men (MSM).
Face-to-face interaction and networking has been found to be a more effective method of engaging people in HIV testing rather than standard health referral systems a new study has found.
Last week, the European Harm Reduction Conference 2014 was hosted in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. As a leading country for harm reduction policy, it is a good time to critically assess the effectiveness of harm reduction programmes in the Netherlands. It begs the question: Can the Netherlands still be used as an example for the rest of the world?
HIV self-testing kits can now be bought over-the-counter in the UK. In April 2014, the UK government made it legal for people to test and diagnose themselves for HIV at home. At this time it was expected that the availability of home HIV tests would take another 8 till 10 months, but the first HIV self-test is now available this week. Brought to the UK market by Home HIV Test, it is now easier and more convenient for people who are afraid of being diagnosed by a GP or at a local clinic.
The US National Institute of Health (NIH) is beginning a study to ascertain whether an aggressive treatment regime started soon after birth can effectively cure an infant of HIV. The global study is hoping to emulate the case of the ‘Mississippi baby’, who gained notoriety in 2013 after being functionally cured of HIV – a state where a very small amount of the virus is present, but is unable to replicate.