The latest international news, analysis and features on the HIV epidemic from Avert. Share your views and expertise with your peers in the comments box below the articles.
Rural and suburban areas of the United States of America are lacking the harm reduction services needed to support increasing numbers of people who inject drugs.
Testing HIV positive was the beginning of Margaret Mbabazi’s anguish. It never crossed her mind that her husband and the father of her four children could chase her away from their marital home. But when he tested HIV negative that is exactly what happened.
A recent report has revealed that almost half of people who inject drugs in the United Kingdom are unaware they have hepatitis C.
South Africa has undertaken the largest ever national stigma survey involving 10,500 people living with HIV. The Stigma Index Survey revealed that although South Africa has much lower levels of HIV stigma than other African countries, women continue to be disproportionately affected, particularly in relation to sexual and reproductive health.
An alarming rise in new HIV infections has been reported in Saskatchewan province, Canada. A micro-epidemic has emerged among First Nation communities, where infection rates are estimated to be eleven times higher than the national average. An infectious disease specialist working in this region believes the numbers could be even higher, as HIV testing rates are so low.
A leading Russian epidemiologist, Vadim Pokrovsky, has raised the alarm on the rising numbers of people becoming infected with HIV in Russia. Despite an estimated 90,000 new infections last year alone, national silence on the issue of HIV and AIDS prevails. A ‘national catastrophe’ is unfolding according to Pokrovsky, who leads the Federal AIDS Centre.
Francis Chimenya, citizen journalist from the Key Correspondents network
Two studies involving women in South Africa, Malawi, Uganda, Rwanda and Zimbabwe are exploring the use of a vaginal ring that delivers antiretroviral drugs, to see if it can prevent transmission of HIV.
The Ring Study is a clinical study by the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) and its sister study ASPIRE is being led by Microbicide Trial Network (MTN). Both studies began in June 2012 with about 4,580 women aged 18-45 in 22 sites across Africa.
Antiretroviral treatment (ART) coverage among men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSW) in Cameroon is extremely low. Only 25 percent of MSM living with HIV are on treatment, and 16 percent of FSWs living with HIV are on treatment – as absolute best estimates. The results come from a study released in this month’s Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JAIDS), in a supplement that focuses on the HIV response in West and Central Africa.
Mortality rates of black and African Americans living with HIV decreased by 28 percent from 2008 to 2012, according to new data released from the US Centres for Disease Control (CDC) last week. However, despite this consistent decline in deaths of people living with HIV (PLHIV) over time, the overall numbers and rates of deaths among black Americans are still higher than any other race or ethnicity in the United States.