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The latest international news, analysis and features on the HIV epidemic from Avert. Share your views and expertise with your peers in the comments box below the articles.

10 December 2015

Violence against women is both cause and consequence of HIV transmission

Testing HIV positive was the beginning of Margaret Mbabazi’s anguish. It never crossed her mind that her husband and the father of her four children could chase her away from their marital home. But when he tested HIV negative that is exactly what happened.

09 November 2015

Uganda: young people need access to quality family planning services

Ndaula Hamidu, 24, was born with HIV and is now an advocate for sexual and reproductive rights and services, including family planning – issues he says concern young men as well as young women.

23 October 2015

South Africa exceeds national mother-to-child transmission target

HIV transmission from mother-to-child (MTCT) in South Africa fell to just 1.5% in 2015.

22 September 2015

The consequences of female genital mutilation: a Kenyan perspective

Strong rights-based approach needed to end AIDS, but new UNAIDS stratergy makes only fleeting reference to female genital mutilation and child marriage

10 September 2015

Workplace HIV treatment programmes have significant benefits

Company-provided antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes are found to be highly cost-effective in settings with a high HIV prevalence.

06 August 2015

HIV-positive mothers thrive on peer support

Two major studies presented at the recent International AIDS Conference in Vancouver highlight the importance of peer and community interventions in improving outcomes for mothers living with HIV. Support to ensure timely access to prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) services and encouragement to stay in care are central to this.

11 June 2015

South Africa: Women still carry burden of stigma

South Africa has undertaken the largest ever national stigma survey involving 10,500 people living with HIV. The Stigma Index Survey revealed that although South Africa has much lower levels of HIV stigma than other African countries, women continue to be disproportionately affected, particularly in relation to sexual and reproductive health.

12 May 2015

Hope for women in fight against HIV

Francis Chimenya, citizen journalist from the Key Correspondents network

Two studies involving women in South Africa, Malawi, Uganda, Rwanda and Zimbabwe are exploring the use of a vaginal ring that delivers antiretroviral drugs, to see if it can prevent transmission of HIV.
The Ring Study is a clinical study by the International Partnership for Microbicides (IPM) and its sister study ASPIRE is being led by Microbicide Trial Network (MTN).  Both studies began in June 2012 with about 4,580 women aged 18-45 in 22 sites across Africa.
23 April 2015

Best results for women when using PrEP daily

Woman who take daily pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) adhere significantly better than woman who take PrEP only twice a week, or before and after sex, as suggested by findings from the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 067 trial.

27 March 2015

Trial studies likely to fail if community not actively involved in study set up

A recently published study about the failure of the Vaginal and Oral Interventions to Control the Epidemic (VOICE) trial in the New England Journal of Medicine, argues that the negative outcome of the study was not associated with the non-effectiveness of the product, but the participants deceit and lack of compliance. The VOICE trial was abruptly stopped after independent safety monitors concluded that the women who were given the pills and vaginal gels containing antiretrovirals (ARVs) were becoming infected at the same rate as women who were given a placebo.