The latest international news, analysis and features on the HIV epidemic from Avert. Share your views and expertise with your peers in the comments box below the articles.
HIV testing and counselling services are to be integrated into provider-initiated health services to try and get more people tested for HIV in South Sudan. Since South Sudan’s independence in July 2011, a lot of progress has been made in bringing health services to the country after 30 years of civil war. However, still more needs to be done to alert people about HIV and to get them on treatment.
A systematic review and data synthesis of the HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs (PWID) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has revealed hidden epidemics in many countries in the region. As little is known about the HIV epidemic among this vulnerable group in MENA, researchers set out to synthesise existing data to establish a picture of HIV prevalence and incidence among PWID and to describe the risk behaviour environment.
The US National Institute of Health (NIH) is beginning a study to ascertain whether an aggressive treatment regime started soon after birth can effectively cure an infant of HIV. The global study is hoping to emulate the case of the ‘Mississippi baby’, who gained notoriety in 2013 after being functionally cured of HIV – a state where a very small amount of the virus is present, but is unable to replicate.
A study conducted in Côte d’Ivoire has revealed that the World Health Organisation (WHO) 2013 antiretroviral (ARV) treatment recommendations regarding serodiscordant couples (when one person is HIV-positive and the other HIV-negative) may only benefit a small number of people. The WHO’s Consolidated ARV Guidelines 2013 state “Partners with HIV in serodiscordant couples should be offered ART to reduce HIV transmission to uninfected partners.” Researchers set out to assess how many people living with HIV (PLHIV) would benefit from this based on their re
An eminent spokesperson on the global AIDS response and former Member of Parliament in the UK has spoken of the challenges that continue to fuel the HIV and AIDS epidemic. Ahead of the publication of a new book this week, Lord Norman Fowler highlights the role that ignorance and prejudice play in holding back a comprehensive response to HIV and AIDS in many parts of the world.
Access to midwife services are woefully inadequate across 73 low- and middle-income countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America, despite these countries being home to 96 percent of global maternal and newborn deaths. These findings were published this week in the UNFPA State of the World’s Midwifery 2014: a universal pathway, a woman’s right to health report, and highlight the urgent need for greater investment in midwife services.