Overall Asia and the Pacific is making progress in reducing new HIV infections, with a 9% decline between 2010 and 2018. However, this is not universal across the region: some countries have seen a much steeper decrease, while infections have increased significantly in others.
Myanmar’s prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme has been successful in increasing the number of pregnant women living with HIV who are on treatment. However, there is still a need to better integrate early infant diagnosis into post-birth care.
Though HIV prevalence in China is relatively low, the epidemic has long been a major concern for key affected populations within the country, and is now of growing concern for the general population. The epidemic has shifted from high-risk injecting drug users to the general population.