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13 June 2019

China - trends in transmission routes

Though HIV prevalence in China is relatively low, the epidemic has long been a major concern for key affected populations within the country, and is now of growing concern for the general population. The epidemic has shifted from high-risk injecting drug users to the general population.

07 June 2019

Percentage rise in prison population and contribution to HIV infections

The proportion of people in prison has grown by around 20% since the year 2000. This is greater than population growth, which has expanded by 18%. Over this time, while the proportion of male prisoners has grown by 18%, the proportion of women in prison has increased by 50%.

07 June 2019

Prisoners are 5 times more likely to be living with HIV

UNAIDS estimates that people in prison are on average five times more likely to be living with HIV compared with adults who are not incarcerated. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates the difference to be even starker, suggesting prisoners are 15 times more likely to be HIV-positive than those who are not in imprisoned.

03 June 2019

The structure of HIV

Knowing the structure of HIV helps you to understand how it works, why the immune system finds it hard to detect, and how antiretroviral treatment can defeat it. As a virus, HIV relies on our immune system to sustain itself and make copies. It's by interrupting these processes that we are able to reduce the amount of HIV in a person's body.

28 May 2019

Human Rights: Discrimination against women and girls creates barriers to the HIV response

Discrimination, including rape and early marriage, prevents women and girls from being able to adequately protect themselves from HIV. Sometimes gender inequality is entrenched in a country’s laws. Women and girls face unequal access to their rights in many contexts and lack the freedom to make informed choices.

28 May 2019

Human Rights: Discrimination against people living with HIV creates barriers to the HIV response

The impact of HIV-related stigma and discrimination is far reaching. For example, one in five people living with HIV have been denied healthcare, including family planning services or dental work, according to data gathered by countries that monitor healthcare-related discrimination. 

14 May 2019

People starting on PrEP by country (April 2018)

As of June 2018, 46 countries had regulatory approval for PrEP. Of these, 39 had included PrEP within their HIV policies, a 40% increase from 2016, mostly in Europe or Africa. However, this does not mean that PrEP is available in all parts of these countries and to everyone who needs it. 

03 May 2019

WHO Test & Treat policy and change in ART uptake

As of 2018, 84% of low- and middle-income countries, and all of the UNAIDS Fast-Track countries, had adopted a test and treat policy. If current commitments are kept to, by the end of 2020, 92% of all low- and middle-income countries will have adopted a test and treat strategy.These changes have contributed to a significant increase in the number of people on ART, which increased by 4.5 million in just two years between 2015 and 2017: from 17.2 million to 21.7 million.

03 May 2019

Sub-Saharan Africa: Testing coverage 2000-2015

People are very receptive to community-based testing. It can also reach nigher numbers of men. In 2016, 98 countries reported on community-based testing programmes, many of them in sub-Saharan Africa, where there are large numbers of first-time testers and people living with HIV are being diagnosed at earlier stages of infection.

02 May 2019

Sub-Saharan Africa: Differences in testing and getting results by age & gender

People who are most at risk of HIV are not accessing HIV testing in high enough numbers. There is also a discrepancy in testing between genders, with men less likely to test for HIV than women, across all regions.