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UN Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS
Intensifying efforts to eliminate HIV/AIDS
In 2011, representatives from United Nations member states met to discuss global progress on the HIV and AIDS response, looking forward to an eventual end of the HIV epidemic. This was in line with the sixth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 6) which was to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases. With this in mind, the 2011 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS set down a list of 10 targets with goals to be met by 2015, in order to cement a serious commitment to the complete elimination of HIV and AIDS across the world.
Every year, a UNAIDS report is released detailing what progress has been made towards the end of new HIV infections, AIDS-related deaths and HIV-related stigma and discrimination. It also emphasises areas in which progress is falling behind the rate required to meet the 2015 goals, and what needs to be done to combat the stagnation of that progress.
The 10 targets
The targets below contain links which will take you to pages detailing the current status of progress towards each of the 10 targets, as highlighted in the 2013 UNAIDS Global Report. 1 Alongside this is information about why each target is important to the global HIV/AIDS response.
- Reduce sexual transmission of HIV by 50% by 2015
- Halve the transmission of HIV among people who inject drugs by 2015
- Eliminate HIV infections among children and reduce maternal deaths
- Reach 15 million people living with HIV with lifesaving antiretroviral treatment by 2015
- Halve tuberculosis deaths among people living with HIV by 2015
- Close the global AIDS resource gap
- Eliminate gender inequalities and gender-based abuse and violence and increase the capacity of women and girls to protect themselves from HIV
- Eliminate HIV-related stigma, discrimination, punitive laws and practices
- Eliminate HIV-related restrictions on entry, stay and residence
- Strengthen HIV integration
There are 22 priority countries; they have the highest number of pregnant women living with HIV, as recognised in the ‘Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive’, 2011. 2
These countries are: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, C ôte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, South Africa, Swaziland, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. India is the only country not in Africa.