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South East Asia HIV & AIDS Statistics

Introduction

This page looks at HIV and AIDS statistics for Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam and Lao People's Democratic Republic. For more information about HIV in other South East Asian countries, visit our HIV and AIDS in Asia page.

Thailand

Thailand HIV & AIDS Statistics
Estimated total population, 2011 69,518,555
Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 490,000
Estimated number of women living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 200,000
Estimated adult HIV prevalence, end 2011 1.2%
Estimated number of AIDS-related deaths in 2011 23,000

After peaking at around 143,000 cases in 1991, the number of new HIV infections in Thailand declined to an estimated 19,000 in 2003.1 This dramatic fall was mainly due to increased condom use by men and a reduction in their use of brothels. However, HIV prevalence among certain high risk groups, such as injecting drug users, is still high and overall prevalence in Thailand remains the highest in the region.2

Thailand was one of the first countries in Asia to offer both first- and second-line antiretroviral treatment regimens. Lower drug prices have contributed to a rapid increase in the number of HIV-positive people receiving antiretroviral treatment in Thailand from about 2,500 in November 2002 to 225,300 at the end of 2011.3 4

Myanmar (Burma)

Myanmar (Burma) HIV & AIDS Statistics
Estimated total population, 2011 48,336,763
Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 220,000
Estimated number of women living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 77,000
Estimated adult HIV prevalence, end 2011 0.6%
Estimated number of AIDS-related deaths in 2011 16,000

Myanmar is one of the least densely populated countries in Asia, with more than three-quarters of the population living in small villages. HIV is primarily concentrated among high-risk groups, including sex workers and their clients, MSM and injecting drug users.5 Antiretroviral treatment coverage in Myanmar is low, with only an estimated 32% of those in need of treatment receiving it in 2011.6 7

Cambodia

Cambodia HIV & AIDS Statistics
Estimated total population, 2011 14,305,183
Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 64,000
Estimated number of women living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 31,000
Estimated adult HIV prevalence, end 2011 0.6%
Estimated number of AIDS-related deaths in 2011 1,400

Cambodia's HIV epidemic is concentrated among sex workers, MSM and injecting drug users. HIV prevalence is still high among these groups, despite a decline in national prevalence from 1.2% in 20038 to 0.6% in 2011.9 Antiretroviral treatment coverage is the highest in the region – with more than 95% of those in need of treatment in Cambodia receiving it in 2011.10 11 

Vietnam

Vietnam HIV & AIDS Statistics
Estimated total population, 2011 87,840,000
Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 250,000
Estimated number of women living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 48,000
Estimated adult HIV prevalence, end 2011 0.5%
Estimated number of AIDS-related deaths in 2011 11,000

It has been suggested that Vietnam's HIV epidemic has shown signs of stabilising. HIV prevalence among the most affected groups has declined; in 2011 it was estimated that 13.4% of injecting drug users were living with HIV, compared to 29% in 2004.12 13 Antiretroviral therapy coverage has increased significantly in recent years, and 58% of those in need of treatment were receiving it by the end of 2011.14

Lao People's Democratic Republic

Lao People's Democratic Republic HIV & AIDS Statistics
Estimated total population, 2011 6,288,037
Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 10,000
Estimated number of women living with HIV/AIDS, end 2011 4,700
Estimated adult HIV prevalence, end 2011 0.3%
Estimated number of AIDS-related deaths in 2011 <500

One of the reasons for the fairly low prevalence in Lao PDR, compared to other countries in the region, is the high rates of consistent condom use - around 92.5% of female and male sex workers reported condom use with their most recent client.15 However, as Lao PDR is surrounded by countries with more severe epidemics it is constantly vulnerable to a worsening HIV situation. An estimated 53% of people in need of antiretroviral therapy received it in 2011.16

 

References

Tuesday, 9 April, 2013
Saturday, 1 December, 2012

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