2014 global HIV statistics
HIV continues to be a major global public health issue. Since 2000, 38.1 million people have become infected with HIV and 25.3 million people have died of AIDS-related illnesses.1
In 2014, an estimated 36.9 million people were living with HIV (including 2.6 million children) – a global HIV prevalence of 0.8%.2 The vast majority of this number live in low- and middle- income countries. In the same year, 1.2 million people died of AIDS-related illnesses.1
In 2014, there were roughly 2 million new HIV infections, 220,000 of which were among children. Most of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa and were infected via their HIV-positive mothers during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.1
Despite these challenges, new global efforts have meant that the number of people receiving HIV treatment has increased dramatically in recent years, particularly in resource-poor countries.
As of March 2015, 15 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral treatment (including 823,000 children) - representing 41% of those in need. 13.5 million of these people were in low- and middle- income countries.3
Significant progress has also been made in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). In 2014, 73% of all pregnant women living with HIV accessed treatment to prevent HIV transmission to their babies.3
In 2014, an estimated $20.2 billion was made available for HIV programmes in low- and middle- income countries.1 Rising numbers of new HIV infections in many countries means that by the end of 2015, $22-24 billion will be needed.4
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- 1. a. b. c. d. e. UNAIDS (2015) ‘Fact sheet: 2014 statistics’
- 2. a. b. UNAIDS (2015) ‘How AIDS Changed Everything’
- 3. a. b. World Health Organisation (WHO) (2015) ‘HIV/AIDS’
- 4. UNAIDS and The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (2014) 'Financing the Response to HIV in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: International Assistance from Donor Governments in 2013'