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Prevention of Sexual Transmission of HIV
- Abstain from sex or delay first sex
- Be faithful to one partner or have fewer partners
- Condomise, which means using male condoms or female condoms consistently and correctly
The role of sexuality and sexual health education
There are issues to do with the effective use and availability of condoms, as well as social and gender aspects that can make the ABC approach more or less successful.
As such, other ways of reducing the sexual transmission of HIV, such as male circumcision are being promoted, while there is benefit in improving people's understanding of issues around sexuality and safer sex, and the role of sex education.