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Quarter of pregnancy deaths in high prevalence settings due to HIV

10 April, 2013

A meta-analysis undertaken by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine has revealed that in high prevalence settings, pregnancy-related deaths due to HIV may be as high as one in four.

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LGBT rights recognised by law in Honduras

5 April, 2013

The National Congress of Honduras has recently amended its Penal Code to establish a legal provision to protect people from discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity.

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Novartis lose case to patent cancer drug Gilvec

2 April, 2013

A landmark case has been won in India, after Novartis lost their appeal to patent the anti-leukaemia drug, Gilvec. The Swiss pharmaceutical giant was originally refused the patent in January 2006, and has since been relentlessly pursuing legal action against the Indian authorities to overturn the decision.

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One fifth of transgender women globally HIV positive

27 March, 2013

A meta-analysis published recently by The Lancet Infectious Diseases has revealed that globally nearly one fifth of transgender women are living with HIV. The analysis comprised of 39 studies across 15 countries, with over 11,000 transgender women; defined for this purpose as “individuals who were born as biological males but who identified as women”. This is the first meta-analysis of its kind - previously little was known about the global HIV prevalence among transgender women.

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Self-testing and home initiation of care increases treatment uptake

22 March, 2013

Self-testing for HIV, and home-based counselling and treatment delivery has been shown to triple the number of people linked to HIV care services, according to a study conducted in Malawi.

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The potential of lubricant in HIV prevention

22 March, 2013

Little is known about the impact of lubricant on reducing the risk of HIV transmission and the demand for it remains ‘largely misunderstood’. However, preliminary research indicates that when combined with condoms, lubricant has the potential to decrease the risk of HIV transmission as condoms are less likely to break during sex.

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Additional $1.6 billion a year needed to curb TB

18 March, 2013

Ahead of World TB Day, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria (GFATM) have announced that an additional annual investment of $1.6 billion is needed to prevent and treat tuberculosis (TB) globally. In the wake of an alarming rise in multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) in recent years, the WHO and GFATM have described the situation as a major threat to progress to date.

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South Africa – almost one in three schoolgirls HIV positive

14 March, 2013

New figures have been released at South Africa’s National Council of Provinces, which reveal that at least 28 percent of schoolgirls are HIV positive in the country, compared to just 4 percent of boys. Disproportionate levels of  HIV prevalence between boys and girls are being blamed on a culture of ‘sugar daddies’; older men sleeping with young girls.

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