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Gender inequality key foundation for generalised HIV epidemics

2 July, 2014

Gender inequality is a major contributor to maintaining and establishing generalised HIV epidemics, according to a new short report published in the International AIDS Society Journal. The report calls on programmes to combat gender inequality as an integral part of public health policy formation and combatting generalised heterosexual HIV epidemics.


South Sudan integrates HIV testing into other health services

26 June, 2014

HIV testing and counselling services are to be integrated into provider-initiated health services to try and get more people tested for HIV in South Sudan. Since South Sudan’s independence in July 2011, a lot of progress has been made in bringing health services to the country but more needs to be done to alert people about HIV and to get them on treatment.


Window of opportunity to reach PWID in MENA

20 June, 2014

Findings of a systematic review provide strong evidence of growing HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs in several countries in the Middle East and North Africa. There is also a possibility that hidden epidemics among PWID exist in other countries. The researchers highlight the need to act now to take control of emerging and growing HIV epidemics in this region.


New study seeks to emulate results of the Mississippi baby

18 June, 2014

The US National Institute of Health (NIH) is beginning a study to ascertain whether an aggressive treatment regime started soon after birth can effectively cure an infant of HIV. The global study is hoping to emulate the case of the ‘Mississippi baby’, who gained notoriety in 2013 after being functionally cured of HIV – a state where a very small amount of the virus is present, but is unable to replicate.


Pitfalls of WHO TasP recommendations for discordant couples

13 June, 2014

Researchers set out to assess how many people living with HIV would benefit from World Health Organisation 2013 antiretroviral treatment recommendations regarding serodiscordant couples based on their relationship status and the HIV status of their partner.


Ignorance and prejudice continue to fuel HIV epidemic

9 June, 2014

Lord Norman Fowler, eminent spokesperson on the global AIDS response and former Member of Parliament in the UK, highlights the role that ignorance and prejudice play in holding back a comprehensive response to HIV and AIDS in many parts of the world in his new book. 'AIDS: Don’t die of Prejudice' outlines the steps that we must take to turn the tide on ignorance and prejudice to stop the HIV and AIDS epidemic in its tracks.


Access to midwife services woefully inadequate

5 June, 2014

Access to midwife services are woefully inadequate across 73 low- and middle-income countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America, despite these countries being home to 96 percent of global maternal and newborn deaths. These findings were published this week in the UNFPA State of the World’s Midwifery 2014: a universal pathway, a woman’s right to health report, and highlight the urgent need for greater investment in midwife services.


Older children face testing barriers in high prevalence settings

28 May, 2014

New study explores some of the barriers to provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling (PITC) for older children in high prevalence settings. The research looked at a cohort of children aged 6 to 15 in Zimbabwe to assess provision and uptake of PITC. Findings indicate there are many barriers to reaching older children with testing where early detection of mother-to-child transmission may have been missed.