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Lesson and Activity Plans Learning Facts About AIDS
Three Statements about AIDS
To distinguish between facts and misinformation about HIV and AIDS.
What you will you need
Chairs in a circle, small pieces of paper, pens and large sheets of paper.
Time: 30-45 minutes depending on the size of the group.
What you do
- Hand out 3 small pieces of paper to each group member and ask them to write on each one a statement they have heard about HIV or AIDS (this need not be something they agree with).
- Collect in the small pieces of paper and deal them out at random.
- Divide the group members into two roughly equal groups.
- Distribute a large sheet of paper to each group with headings 'AGREE', 'DISAGREE' and 'DON'T KNOW' on it. Ask group members to sort their small pieces of paper into each of these columns, reaching agreement on where each statement should be placed.
- When they have done this (about 20 minutes probably), both groups should be asked to justify their decisions to the main group as a whole. Group members must be prepared to say why they made the choices they did.
- Facilitate a discussion of the scientific, medical and social issues raised by the statements and where they are placed.
By having to defend the decisions made, the group will have a chance to begin to distinguish facts from prejudice and misinformation. Your own interventions will help consolidate understanding.
The AIDS Quiz
This AIDS quiz covers key basic information about HIV and AIDS. The quiz can be expanded with questions that are particularly relevant to the lesson and the young people being educated. Find more questions in our quizzes section, or browse www.avert.org for ideas to write your own. Questions based on statistics, for example on the numbers of people living with HIV around the world, can be particularly effective.
1. What is HIV?
- A virus
- A bacterium
- A fungus
2. What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?
- HIV is a virus and AIDS is a bacterial disease
- HIV is the virus that causes AIDS
- There is no difference between HIV and AIDS
3. Is there a cure for AIDS?
- Only available on prescription
4. Does HIV only affect gay people?
- Only gay men
- Only gay women
5. Can you get AIDS from sharing the cup of someone with HIV?
- Only if you don't wash the cup
6. Can insects transmit HIV?
- Only mosquitoes
7. How can you tell if somebody has HIV or AIDS?
- Because of the way they act
- They look tired and ill
- There is no easy way to tell
8. What does HIV stand for?
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus
- Harmful Intravenous Vaccine
- Homosexual Injury Volition
9. What does STD stand for?
- Sexually Transmitted Disease
- Special Treatment Doctor
- Standard Transmission Deficiency
10. When was the term 'AIDS' defined?
11. Which practice puts you most at risk of becoming infected with HIV?
- Using the same toilet as an infected person
- Unprotected vaginal sex
- Anal sex with a condom
12. What is abstinence?
- To refrain from sex
- To only have sex with one partner
- To lose your virginity
Quiz Questions Answer Sheet
- HIV is a virus. Like all viruses, HIV cannot grow or reproduce on its own. In order to make new copies of itself it must infect the cells of a living organism.
- HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. A person diagnosed with HIV can live a healthy life, if they have access to antiretroviral treatment. A person living with HIV are said to have AIDS when they develop an AIDS defining illness. This usually occurs in people not taking antiretroviral treatment.
- There is no cure for AIDS. This means it is important to be aware of prevention methods such as safe sex in order to protect yourself.
- No. HIV can affect anyone from any part of the world.
- No. It is not possible to become infected with HIV from everyday casual contact such as sharing food, shaking hands or touching the same objects. You are only at risk from HIV if you are exposed to infected blood or bodily fluids, through certain transmission routes such as unprotected sex.
- No. Insects cannot transmit HIV. When taking blood from someone mosquitoes do not inject blood from any previous person. The only thing that a mosquito injects is saliva, which acts as a lubricant and enables it to feed more efficiently.
- There is no easy way to tell. There are no specific symptoms of HIV. The only way to know if a person is infected with HIV is by them taking an HIV test.
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the full term for HIV, which means that HIV weakens the body's immune system.
- Sexually Transmitted Disease. These can be passed on during sex. So it's always a good idea to use a condom and protect yourself.
- AIDS was first defined in the USA in September 1982. The term 'AIDS' was suggested at a meeting in Washington, D.C., in July.
- Unprotected vaginal sex. Unprotected sex carries a high risk for becoming infected with HIV, so using a condom correctly will protect you. You can't become infected with HIV through kissing or through everyday contact such as using the toilet.
- Abstinence means to refrain from sex. Abstinence is encouraged along with partner reduction and condom use as a way of preventing the spread of HIV.