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Global HIV & AIDS Epidemic
HIV statistics for the end of 2013 indicate that around 35 million people are currently living with HIV worldwide, 38 percent less than in 2001. 3 In the same year, around 2.1 million people became infected with HIV and 1.5 million died of AIDS-related illnesses. HIV and AIDS are found in all parts of the world, however some areas are more affected than others.
A global challenge
Although it is known how to prevent and treat HIV and AIDS, too few people have access to appropriate HIV services. In 2013, only 13.6 million people were on treatment, equating to 38 percent of adults in need of treatment, and 24 percent of children. 4
The theme for World AIDS Day 2014, from UNAIDS - 'close the gap' - highlighted the gap between people who have access to HIV prevention, testing, treatment and care services, and those who do not. Currently, 19 million of the 35 million people living with HIV worldwide do not know their status. Involving everyone in the global response to HIV is vital to ending the epidemic. 5
Topics in the Global Epidemic section
Explore these global HIV and AIDS epidemic topics to find out about:
- Regional and country accounts of the HIV epidemic
- HIV and AIDS Statistics
- HIV and AIDS History
- HIV and AIDS Funding
- HIV Stigma and Discrimination
- HIV and Homophobia
- United Nations Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS
We also have detailed information about how HIV impacts upon key affected populations, including:
- Children Orphaned by HIV and AIDS
- Men Who Have Sex With Men
- People Who Inject Drugs
- Sex Workers
- Transgender People
- Young People and Adolescents
- 1. UNAIDS (2014) ' World AIDS Day 2014 Report - Fact Sheet'
- 2. World Health Organisation (WHO) (2014, May) ' The top 10 causes of death'
- 3. UNAIDS (2014) ' Fast-Track - Ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030'
- 4. UNAIDS (2014) ' Fast-Track - Ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030'
- 5. UNAIDS (2014) ' World AIDS Day 2014 - Close the Gap'