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Caribbean HIV & AIDS Statistics
In the Bahamas more than 3% of the adult population is living with HIV.2 This level of HIV prevalence is found only in sub-Saharan Africa, making the Caribbean the second most affected region in the world.3 Half of adults living with the virus are women.4
Trends and transmission routes
Overall, the main route of HIV transmission in the Caribbean is heterosexual sex, with many new infections linked with commercial sex work.5 Sex between men is recently emerging as another major route of transmission in Caribbean countries. Cultural and behavioural patterns (such as early initiation of sexual acts, and taboos related to sex and sexuality), gender inequalities, lack of confidentiality, stigmatisation and economic need are some of the factors influencing vulnerability to HIV and AIDS in the Caribbean.
Estimated HIV prevalence, deaths due to AIDS, and ART coverage to end 2011
|Country||Living with HIV/AIDS||Deaths due to
AIDS during 2011
|ART Coverage (%)|
|All people||Adult (15-49)
|Trinidad and Tobago||13,000||1.5||<1,000||no data|
- 1. UNAIDS (2012) 'Regional Fact Sheet 2012: Latin America and the Caribbean'
- 2. UNAIDS (2012) 'Global Report 2012: AIDSinfo'
- 3. UNAIDS (2012) 'Global Report: UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2012'
- 4. UNAIDS (2010) 'The Status of HIV in the Caribbean'
- 5. UNAIDS (2012) 'Regional Fact Sheet 2012: Latin America and the Caribbean'