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Caribbean HIV & AIDS Statistics

The statistics show that at the end of 2011, an estimated 230,000 people were living with HIV in the Caribbean. Some 13,000 people were newly infected during 2011, and 10,000 people died from AIDS.1

In the Bahamas more than 3% of the adult population is living with HIV.2 This level of HIV prevalence is found only in sub-Saharan Africa, making the Caribbean the second most affected region in the world.3 Half of adults living with the virus are women.4

Trends and transmission routes

Overall, the main route of HIV transmission in the Caribbean is heterosexual sex, with many new infections linked with commercial sex work.5 Sex between men is recently emerging as another major route of transmission in Caribbean countries. Cultural and behavioural patterns (such as early initiation of sexual acts, and taboos related to sex and sexuality), gender inequalities, lack of confidentiality, stigmatisation and economic need are some of the factors influencing vulnerability to HIV and AIDS in the Caribbean.

Estimated HIV prevalence, deaths due to AIDS, and ART coverage to end 2011

Country Living with HIV/AIDS Deaths due to
AIDS during 2011
ART Coverage (%)
All people Adult (15-49)
prevalence %
Bahamas 6,500 2.8 <500 40
Barbados 1,400 0.9 <100 no data
Belize 4,600 2.3 no data 62
Cuba 14,100 0.2 <200 >95
Dominican Republic 44,000 0.7 1,700 80
Guyana 6,200 1.1 <500 82
Haiti 120,000 1.8 5,800 58
Jamaica 30,000 1.8 1,600 60
Suriname 3,400 1.0 <500 53
Trinidad and Tobago 13,000 1.5 <1,000 no data

 

References

Saturday, 1 December, 2012

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