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About HIV & AIDS

Many people use the words ‘HIV’ and ‘AIDS’ incorrectly. They are different and it is important to understand the difference between them.

HIV is a virus that infects the body and attacks the immune system. If HIV is left untreated it can cause a range of symptoms.

People in the final stage of HIV infection are said to have AIDS, which means they’re more likely to develop other illnesses too.

AIDS awareness ribbon
HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system and leads to AIDS if not treated.
HIV virus
HIV attacks certain cells in the immune system, stopping the body from fighting off illness.
Woman in Malawi testing for HIV
There are 3 stages of HIV infection that may show symptoms in some people.
Scientist working in a laboratory
There is currently no cure for HIV and AIDS, but scientists are researching vaccines.
HIV & AIDS word cloud
CD4 count? Viral load? Seroconversion? They’re not as complicated as they sound!

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